Book: The Black Cabinet


Ralph Bunche, Walter White of the NAACP, A. Philip Randolph, and others are part of the story as well. But the Black Cabinet was never officially recognized by FDR, and with the demise of the New Deal, it disappeared from history.

  • Author : Jill Watts
  • Publisher : Atlantic Monthly Press
  • Release : 12 May 2020
  • Category: History
  • Pages :
  • ISBN 13 : 9780802146922

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Book The Black Cabinet

The Black Cabinet Book Summary :

A magnificently researched, dramatically told work of narrative nonfiction about the history, evolution, impact, and ultimate demise of what was known in the 1930s and 1940s as President Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s Black Cabinet. In the early 20th century, most African Americans still lived in the South, disenfranchised, impoverished, terrorized by white violence, and denied the basic rights of citizenship. As the Democrats swept into the White House on a wave of black defectors from the Party of Lincoln, a group of African American intellectuals—legal minds, social scientists, media folk—sought to get the community’s needs on the table. This would become the Black Cabinet, a group of African American racial affairs experts working throughout the New Deal, forming an unofficial advisory council to lobby the President. But with the white Southern vote so important to the fortunes of the Party, the path would be far from smooth. Most prominent in the Black Cabinet were Mary McLeod Bethune, an educator close to Eleanor Roosevelt, and her “boys”: Robert Weaver, a Harvard-educated economist who pioneered enforcement standards for federal anti-discrimination guidelines (and, years later, the first African American Cabinet secretary); Bill Hastie, a lawyer who would become a federal appellate judge; Al Smith, head of the largest black jobs program in the New Deal at the WPA; and Robert Vann, a newspaper publisher whose unstinting reporting on the administration’s shortcomings would keep his erstwhile colleagues honest. Ralph Bunche, Walter White of the NAACP, A. Philip Randolph, and others are part of the story as well. But the Black Cabinet was never officially recognized by FDR, and with the demise of the New Deal, it disappeared from history. Jill Watts’s The Black Cabinet is a dramatic full-scale examination of a forgotten moment that speaks directly to our own.

Book: The Black Cabinet


But the Black Cabinet never won official recognition from Roosevelt, and with his death, it disappeared from history. This is its story"--

  • Author : Grove/Atlantic, Incorporated
  • Publisher : Grove Press
  • Release : 16 February 2021
  • Category: Uncategorized
  • Pages : 560
  • ISBN 13 : 0802148662

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Book The Black Cabinet

The Black Cabinet Book Summary :

A magnificently researched, dramatically told work of narrative nonfiction about the history, evolution, impact, and ultimate demise of what was known in the 1930s and 1940s as President Franklin Delano Roosevelt's Black Cabinet. In 1932 in the midst of the Great Depression, Franklin Delano Roosevelt won the presidency with the help of key African American defectors from the Republican Party. At the time, most African Americans lived in poverty, denied citizenship rights and terrorized by white violence. As the New Deal began, a "black Brain Trust" joined the administration and began documenting and addressing the economic hardship and systemic inequalities African Americans faced. They became known as the Black Cabinet, but the environment they faced was reluctant, often hostile, to change. "Will the New Deal be a square deal for the Negro?" The black press wondered. The Black Cabinet set out to devise solutions to the widespread exclusion of black people from its programs, whether by inventing tools to measure discrimination or by calling attention to the administration's failures. Led by Mary McLeod Bethune, an educator and friend of Eleanor Roosevelt, they were instrumental to Roosevelt's continued success with black voters. Operating mostly behind the scenes, they helped push Roosevelt to sign an executive order that outlawed discrimination in the defense industry. They saw victories--jobs and collective agriculture programs that lifted many from poverty--and defeats--the bulldozing of black neighborhoods to build public housing reserved only for whites; Roosevelt's refusal to get behind federal anti-lynching legislation. The Black Cabinet never won official recognition from the president, and with his death, it disappeared from view. But it had changed history. Eventually, one of its members would go on to be the first African American Cabinet secretary; another, the first African American federal judge and mentor to Thurgood Marshall. Masterfully researched a

Book: The Black Cabinet


But the Black Cabinet never won official recognition from Roosevelt, and with his death, it disappeared from history. This is its story"--

  • Author : Jill Watts
  • Publisher : Atlantic Monthly Press
  • Release : 12 May 2020
  • Category: History
  • Pages : 560
  • ISBN 13 : 0802129102

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Book The Black Cabinet

The Black Cabinet Book Summary :

A magnificently researched, dramatically told work of narrative nonfiction about the history, evolution, impact, and ultimate demise of what was known in the 1930s and 1940s as President Franklin Delano Roosevelt's Black Cabinet.

Book: Mary McLeod Bethune


A biography in documents of one of America's most influential black women. Copyright © Libri GmbH. All rights reserved.

  • Author : Mary McLeod Bethune
  • Publisher : Indiana University Press
  • Release : 06 December 2021
  • Category: Biography & Autobiography
  • Pages : 317
  • ISBN 13 : 025321503X

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Book Mary McLeod Bethune
Score: 5
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Mary McLeod Bethune Book Summary :

A biography in documents of one of America's most influential black women. Copyright © Libri GmbH. All rights reserved.

Book: Daisy Bates


A biography of the courageous mentor to the Little Rock Nine

  • Author : Grif Stockley
  • Publisher : Univ. Press of Mississippi
  • Release : 06 December 2021
  • Category: Biography & Autobiography
  • Pages : 340
  • ISBN 13 : 9781604730678

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Book Daisy Bates

Daisy Bates Book Summary :

A biography of the courageous mentor to the Little Rock Nine

Book: Walking with Presidents


This is just one example of the remarkable influence Louis Martin had on national politics for more than four decades. Now, for the first time, the story of Louis Martin's life is told.

  • Author : Alex Poinsett
  • Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
  • Release : 06 December 2021
  • Category: Biography & Autobiography
  • Pages : 251
  • ISBN 13 : 084769741X

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Book Walking with Presidents

Walking with Presidents Book Summary :

In the last weeks of the 1960 presidential race, Louis Martin pulled off a minor miracle. With two days to go before the election, this passionate civil rights advocate and Democratic activists put two million pamphlets into the hands of black voters across America, informing them of Senator John F. Kennedy's sympathetic phone call to Martin Luther King, Jr., then languishing in a Georgia prison. The center of gravity in black partisan support shifted, and Kennedy won by a hair. This is just one example of the remarkable influence Louis Martin had on national politics for more than four decades. Now, for the first time, the story of Louis Martin's life is told. Walking with Presidents traces the career of an African American who rose from crusading journalist to preeminent presidential advisor and civil rights liason in the Kennedy, Johnson, and Carter administrations. Martin was the consummate insider, unconcerned about who got credit for his work so long as he could advance his mission--bringing African Americans into the political mainstream.

Book: Walter White


A portrait of the influential secretary of the NAACP explores his dedication to advancing civil rights in America, tracing his role in ending lynching, creating the legal strategy that led to Brown v.

  • Author : Thomas Dyja
  • Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
  • Release : 01 October 2008
  • Category: Biography & Autobiography
  • Pages : 212
  • ISBN 13 : 9781566637664

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Book Walter White

Walter White Book Summary :

A portrait of the influential secretary of the NAACP explores his dedication to advancing civil rights in America, tracing his role in ending lynching, creating the legal strategy that led to Brown v. Board of Education, and hosting a premier salon for the Harlem Renaissance.

Book: Mary McLeod Bethune in Washington D C


In this loving biography, historian Ida E. Jones explores the monumental life of Mary McLeod Bethune as a leader, a crusader, and a Washingtonian.

  • Author : Ida E. Jones
  • Publisher : Arcadia Publishing
  • Release : 04 June 2013
  • Category: Biography & Autobiography
  • Pages : 236
  • ISBN 13 : 9781625840844

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Book Mary McLeod Bethune in Washington  D C

Mary McLeod Bethune in Washington D C Book Summary :

The civil rights leader’s life and work in the nation’s capital, and her influence around the world, are celebrated in this biography. Best known as an educator and early civil rights activist, Mary McLeod Bethune was the daughter of formerly enslaved people. After moving to Washington, D.C., in 1936, she founded the National Council of Negro Women, an organization that supported Black women through numerous educational and community-based programs. Bethune also led the charge to change the segregationist policies of local hospitals and concert halls, and she acted as a mentor to countless African American women in the District. In this loving biography, historian Ida E. Jones explores the monumental life of Mary McLeod Bethune as a leader, a crusader, and a Washingtonian.

Book: Black Newspapers and America s War for Democracy 1914 1920


William Jordan shows that before, during, and after the war, the black press engaged in a delicate and dangerous dance with the federal government and white America--at times making demands or holding firm, sometimes pledging loyalty, ...

  • Author : William G. Jordan
  • Publisher : Univ of North Carolina Press
  • Release : 14 January 2003
  • Category: Social Science
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN 13 : 9780807875520

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Book Black Newspapers and America s War for Democracy  1914 1920

Black Newspapers and America s War for Democracy 1914 1920 Book Summary :

During World War I, the publishers of America's crusading black newspapers faced a difficult dilemma. Would it be better to advance the interests of African Americans by affirming their patriotism and offering support of President Wilson's war for democracy in Europe, or should they demand that the government take concrete steps to stop the lynching, segregation, and disfranchisement of blacks at home as a condition of their participation in the war? This study of their efforts to resolve that dilemma offers important insights into the nature of black protest, race relations, and the role of the press in a republican system. William Jordan shows that before, during, and after the war, the black press engaged in a delicate and dangerous dance with the federal government and white America--at times making demands or holding firm, sometimes pledging loyalty, occasionally giving in. But although others have argued that the black press compromised too much, Jordan demonstrates that, given the circumstances, its strategic combination of protest and accommodation was remarkably effective. While resisting persistent threats of censorship, the black press consistently worked at educating America about the need for racial justice.

Book: The Four Freedoms


Four freedoms, to be exact: freedom of speech, freedom from want, freedom of religion, and freedom from fear"--

  • Author : Jeffrey A. Engel
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 01 September 2015
  • Category: History
  • Pages : 248
  • ISBN 13 : 9780199376216

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Book The Four Freedoms

The Four Freedoms Book Summary :

The specter of global war loomed large in President Franklin Roosevelt's mind as 1941 began. He believed the United States had a role to play in the battle against Nazi and fascist aggression already underway in Europe. Isolationists, political opponents, and arguably the majority of Americans disagreed. The wounds of the First World War had not yet fully healed, while the Great Depression largely still raged. The words he used to rally the nation towards war ultimately defined not only what Americans fought for in World War II, but how they defined themselves as a people for generations after. Roosevelt framed America's role in the conflict, and ultimately its role in forging the post-war world to come, as a question of freedom. Four freedoms, to be exact: freedom of speech, freedom from want, freedom of religion, and freedom from fear. His words inspired, but more importantly his four freedoms formed the basis for how ensuing generations of Americans conceive of liberty for themselves and for the world.0Six scholars come together in this volume to explore how each of Roosevelt's freedoms evolved over time, for Americans and for the wider world, while additionally showing why Roosevelt spoke as he did, and how our understand of his words has evolved over time. 'The four freedoms: Franklin D. Roosevelt and the evolution of an American idea' explores this moment of history, and the evolution of each of the four freedoms from those dark days of 1940 to the present day.

Book: To Ask for an Equal Chance


The book explores both the external realities facing African Americans and individual and communal responses to them.

  • Author : Cheryl Lynn Greenberg
  • Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
  • Release : 16 August 2009
  • Category: History
  • Pages : 200
  • ISBN 13 : 9781442200517

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Book To Ask for an Equal Chance

To Ask for an Equal Chance Book Summary :

The Great Depression hit Americans hard, but none harder than African Americans and the working poor. To Ask for an Equal Chance explores black experiences during this period and the intertwined challenges posed by race and class. "Last hired, first fired," black workers lost their jobs at twice the rate of whites, and faced greater obstacles in their search for economic security. Black workers, who were generally urban newcomers, impoverished and lacking industrial skills, were already at a disadvantage. These difficulties were intensified by an overt, and in the South legally entrenched, system of racial segregation and discrimination. New federal programs offered hope as they redefined government's responsibility for its citizens, but local implementation often proved racially discriminatory. As Cheryl Lynn Greenberg makes clear, African Americans were not passive victims of economic catastrophe or white racism; they responded to such challenges in a variety of political, social, and communal ways. The book explores both the external realities facing African Americans and individual and communal responses to them. While experiences varied depending on many factors including class, location, gender and community size, there are also unifying and overarching realities that applied universally. To Ask for an Equal Chance straddles the particular, with examinations of specific communities and experiences, and the general, with explorations of the broader effects of racism, discrimination, family, class, and political organizing.